Already a member? Log in

Sign up with your...


Sign Up with your email address

Add Tags

Duplicate Tags

Rename Tags

Share It With Others!

Save Link

Sign in

Sign Up with your email address

Sign up

By clicking the button, you agree to the Terms & Conditions.

Forgot Password?

Please enter your username below and press the send button.
A password reset link will be sent to you.

If you are unable to access the email address originally associated with your Delicious account, we recommend creating a new account.


Links 1 through 10 of 4809 James Turnbull's Bookmarks

What's in a name? A lot, according to a new study from researchers at Ryerson University and the University of Toronto, both in Canada.

The study found that job applicants in Canada with Asian names — names of Indian, Pakistani or Chinese origin — were 28 percent less likely to get called for an interview compared to applicants with Anglo names, even when all the qualifications were the same. Researchers used data from a previous study conducted in 2011 where they sent out 12,910 fictitious resumes in response to 3,225 job postings. The previous study, also in Canada, similarly found that applicants with Anglo first names and Asian last names didn't fare much better than applicants with Asian first and last names.

"Some people still believe that minorities have an advantage," said one of the study authors, Jeffrey Reitz, a sociologist at the University of Toronto. "These studies are important to challenge that and show that not only is this kind of discrimination happening, but it's quite systemic."

Reitz, who completed his undergraduate and graduate degrees in the United States and has conducted numerous studies comparing race relations in the two North American countries, says this kind of discrimination is prevalent in the U.S. as well. "It's a very intense belief that we're a multicultural country in the way that the U.S. is not. But it's not terribly different in the two countries," said Reitz.

A two-year study published in the Administrative Science Quarterly Journal found that Asian job candidates in the U.S. were almost twice as likely to receive a call back if they whitened their resumes by changing their names and excluding race-based honors and organizations. (The same was true for African-American candidates).

Share It With Others!

“Pulp-Era Science Fiction was about optimistic futures.”

Optimistic futures were always, always vastly outnumbered by end of the world stories with mutants, Frankenstein creations that turn against us, murderous robot rebellions, terrifying alien invasions, and atomic horror. People don’t change. Then as now, we were more interested in hearing about how it could all go wrong.

To quote H.L. Gold, editor of Galaxy Science Fiction, in 1952:

“Over 90% of stories submitted to Galaxy Science Fiction still nag away at atomic, hydrogen and bacteriological war, the post atomic world, reversion to barbarism, mutant children killed because they have only ten toes and fingers instead of twelve….the temptation is strong to write, ‘look, fellers, the end isn’t here yet.’”

Share It With Others!

Many players would respond to any identification of its sexism with a shrug, as if to say, “It’s just Yakuza being Yakuza, what do you expect?”

The very fact that it’s so relentless and outrageous in its sexism comes to function as a defense, because to point out that sexism is to point out the blatantly obvious, and nobody wants to have the blatantly obvious pointed out to them. It seems condescending, insulting. We feel as if, because the sexism is so obvious, it’s also harmless. We can spend a while enjoying the idea that women are mere sexual objects, playthings and status symbols as a bit of goofy, lighthearted fun.

But it doesn’t actually work this way. Allowing misogyny to remain normalized or to be further normalized is dangerous. Misogyny has so much power in our culture largely because it has already been so normalized. It is seen as natural, just the way things are, just a reflection of the differences between men and women. It is what lets Trump get away with saying that his boasts about sexual assault are just harmless “locker room talk” and still go on to become president, when the sensible reaction to this would be universal disgust and outrage. Journalists covering presidential politics have a responsibility to not let Trump’s misogyny, his racism, and his fear-mongering become normalized. They have a responsibility to continue identifying these aspects of his rhetoric and his policy again and again and again and again and again and again and again, even if many people begin responding to these reports with a shrug, as if to say, “It’s just Trump being Trump, what do you expect?”

In much the same way, so do cultural critics have a responsibility to continue working against the normalization of sexism, racism, and the ideology of domination through violence in our mass media. But that work is complicated. It requires self-reflection, introspection, a willingness to think critically about our own feelings and desires as well as about the media we engage with. As a critic who is also a human being

Share It With Others!

In China, there’s a high price to pay if a man wants a wife.

“The poorer the area is, the higher the dowry price,” said state mouthpiece People’s Daily today (Feb. 20) on a recent survey mapping the customary dowries paid by men across China.

The going rate of a dowry in some of the poorest provinces in China like Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, and the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, is as high as 200,000 yuan ($29,000). Besides cash, some prospective brides also ask for “three-golds”—gold bracelets, a diamond ring, a diamond necklace—and “one auto,” reports (link in Chinese) the newspaper.

China has one of the worst gender imbalances in the world because of its decades-long one-child policy, which meant most families had a preference for boys over girls. In 2016, the country had 30 million more men (link in Chinese) than women, and the imbalance is more acute in rural areas. Zhai Zhenwu, director of population studies center at Renmin University in Beijing, told the People’s Daily that dowries in rural areas have been rising since the 1980s because of the scarcity of females.

Last week, a man in his 40s, Yang Ruiqing, reportedly spent half a lifetime and his life savings ($22,000) in search of a wife. Yang, who lives in impoverished Gansu province in the northwest of the country, is among millions of China’s “leftover men” competing for a wife—to no avail.

Share It With Others!

South Koreans are used to hearing sentences that end in hadeora, a verb meaning “it is said that….” This particular way of phrasing is something of a cop-out, though. It conveys information without taking ownership of the fact. And given that Korean verbs do not require a subject, it is not clear most of the time whom the information is from.


“Actor X sexually assaulted a woman…hadeora.”

“The neighbor’s kid is winning all kinds of prizes without going to hagwon or getting private lessons…hadeora.”

“The president was meeting her lover on the day of the Sewol sinking…hadeora.”

(The last allegation, about the president, was eventually mentioned in the dailies Chosun Ilbo and Sankei – South Korean and Japanese newspapers respectively. But I first heard it from my mother, who in turn had heard it from her friends, before media reported it. That rumor, however, has not been substantiated.)

In all three cases the suffix –hadeora indicates that the preceding statement is hearsay. Yet the brevity of that important cue means that in the course of the conversation, far more importance is placed on the allegation itself than the unconfirmed nature of the story. Ask who the source of this news is, and the person is likely to say, “I don’t know, I heard it somewhere.” Whether a family member, a friend or the mother of one’s child’s classmate, that someone can end up being not so authoritative after all.

Share It With Others!

Six women across six decades talk about how their sex lives and sensuality have changed, and what they’ve learned about the politics of pleasure

by Charlie Brinkhurst-Cuff, Emily Witt, Clover Stroud, Mariella Frostrup, Penny Arcade, Marie de Hennezel

Share It With Others!

Share It With Others!

South Korea's consumption of antibiotics edged down in 2015 but remained the highest among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the health ministry said Monday.

According to the ministry, the country's antibiotic use was tallied at 31.1 defined daily dose per 1,000 people, meaning 31.1 out of 1,000 people were prescribed antibiotics a day.

The prescription of antibiotics, which stood at 26.9 DDD in 2008, topped 30 DDD in 2013 and peaked at 31.7 DDD in 2014 before the moderate fall in 2015. This marked the first decline in the use of antibiotics since 2008, when the authorities started to compile data for consumption of medical goods.

South Korea's antibiotic use, however, is the highest in the OECD. South Korea and Italy topped the list with 31.1 DDD in 2015, trailed by Slovakia with 26.8 DDD, Luxemburg with 26.3 DDD and Israel with 24.9 DDD.

Among OECD countries, Sweden and Estonia prescribed antibiotics the least, with 13.9 DDD and 14.1 DDD, respectively, which are less than half of South Korea's antibiotic use.

A ministry official attributed the fall in the growth of antibiotic use in 2015 to strengthened control on antibiotics. (Yonhap)

Share It With Others!

Some 800,000 small businesses open shop annually, but about half of them go bankrupt within two years, statistics showed Monday.

A report released by Statistics Korea said that among businesses that started in 2013, 62.4 percent were still in operation a year later. The rate fell to 47.5 percent two years later, and further dipped to 38.8 percent after three years. The third-year tally placed South Korea 25th among the 26 member states of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development that were surveyed. The three-year survival rate was 75 percent in Sweden, 59 percent in Britain, 58 percent in the United States, 54 percent in France and 52 percent in Germany.

Lodging and restaurant businesses were among the quickest to shut down, only about one-third of them still in place three years later. The rate isn’t much better for wholesale and retail shops (35 percent), while manufacturing (49.8 percent) and transport (51 percent) were relatively better.

An earlier report from the Small Enterprise and Market Service (SEMAS) in 2013 gives an idea of why so many shops close down. A survey of 10,490 businesses across the country with 10 or less employees showed that they on average make 1.87 million won (US$1,626) in net profit a month. The amount is about three times the 649,000 won in minimum living cost per person.

Their debt on average was 53.08 million won, far more than what they make a month.

Share It With Others!

Nearly half of South Korean households with one young person living alone are spending more than 20% of income on rent and other housing costs, while over one in ten live in an environment that does not mean minimum residential standards, a study shows.

The situation for young people was cited as a factor in the number of so-called “kangaroos,” “salmon,” and “scrums” who continue living with their parents even after graduating university or marrying.

A study titled “Policy Ideas for Customized Residential Support to Alleviate Youth poverty” published on Feb. 16 by the team of Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA) researcher Lee Tae-jin showed 47.03% of households consisting of a single person aged 19 to 34 as of 2014 falling into the “excessive rent burden” category, with rental costs constituting 20% or more of income. The percentage was slightly higher than the 46.73% rate for all households.

The rate of single young person households living in environments that do not meet the government‘s own minimum residential standards was also found to be 14.17%, a higher level than the 13.88% for all households.

“In addition to suggesting that the residential ladder from monthly rents to key deposits and home ownership has collapsed, this situation for young people shows that their difficulties are being passed along to their parents,” the report said.

Indeed, the report said parents were covering rent for 49.4% of single young person households and 80% of university student households.

Share It With Others!