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Links 1 through 10 of 4890 James Turnbull's Bookmarks

● garigari / ガリガリ

Starting at the top left, we’ve got the garigari, or “skinny” group. While garigari can be used as a pejorative, with an connotation similar to “scrawny,” some online commenters said that they had a special fondness for men with this slenderest of builds.

● shimatteru / 締まってる

Shimatteru comes from shimaru, a Japanese word meaning to compact, and by extension to make firm. As such, the shimatteru build is a toned one, in which a lack of fat causes the taught muscles underneath to stand out, even they aren’t remarkably bulging.

● hosomacho / 細マッチョ

In Japanese, “macho” refers more to an abundance of muscle mass than masculine personality traits. Combine that with a truncated version of hosoi, meaning thin or narrow, and you get hosomaccho, a muscularly slender body type.

● macho / マッチョ

Get rid of the hoso qualifier, and now you’ve just got macho, Japan’s preferred equivalent for English’s “buff” or “ripped.”

● gorimacho / ゴリマチョ

Finally, the chart tops out at gorimacho. A combination of “gorilla” and “macho,” this apex of oversized musculature is a relatively new addition to the Japanese lexicon, and so not readily understood by even all native speakers. However, if you’re looking for a Japanese version of “yoked” or “jacked,” this is a good candidate, provided your audience is up-to-date on its slang.

Conspicuously absent from @999Aeromarine’s tweet are any photographic or linguistic examples of non-muscular men with high body fat percentages. Perhaps such a discussion is coming in a future chart, but in the meantime, we think we’re going to go hit the gym.

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Schiebinger gives a mini-history of “European’s fascination with the female breast,” the symbol of “generation, regeneration and renewal,” as well as “both the sublime and bestial in human nature,” to explain the cultural roots of Linnaeus’s choice. She also delves into Linnaeus’s campaign against the common practice of wet-nursing.

Notably, the same 1758 edition that introduced Mammalia also introduced the name Homo sapiens, the “man of wisdom.” Linnaeus included both male and female humans among the animals, but reiterated the separation of the reason-orientated male human.

Linnaeus, Schiebinger argues, “reinforced the social movements undermining the public power of women and attaching a new value to mothering.” The maternal breast “became nature’s sign that women belonged only in the home.” Linnaeus followed and legitimized “the sexual division of labor” by emphasizing how “natural” it was for females to suckle and rear their own offspring, and not be engaged in things like politics, business, or science.

This probably wasn’t at all conscious on Linnaeus’s part, Schiebinger thinks, but nor was it arbitrary: “That scientists may be innocent of the implications of their work does not make them any less mediators or marketeers of political ideas.” No one, after all, decreed that Linnaeus’s choice should become the norm, but it fit the times perfectly, was translated into English, and passed down to us.

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But in fact, many xiaojie don’t really understand or like this name because they feel the term emphasizes sex.

The term “sex worker” reduces all their work to sex, which doesn’t reflect the reality of what they do. It doesn’t accurately represent the diverse forms of emotional work and entertainment that they’re engaged in; rather, it highlights the one part that’s stigmatized.

...The most common other option for migrant women is to work in a factory. Most xiaojie are very well-informed about the conditions of factory work, and they know they’re not interested.

They know other women from their hometowns who are factory laborers, and there are plenty of media reports that show how it is tedious, repetitive, and arduous, how the worker is treated like a machine. They know you’re stuck in dorm accommodation, far from the city center, producing luxury items you can’t afford to buy yourself. They know you are outside the modernity and development as a handmaiden to it.

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Globalization remains key to K-pop’s spread around the world, but it is not one size fits all. As time goes on, Korean agencies adopt a range of promotional strategies to spread K-pop throughout the world.

It is not secret that K-pop utilizes globalization. Writers have sought to identify singular strategies and apply them to the entire K-pop world. In the article “The Globalization of K-pop: Korea’s Place in the Global Music Industry,” Ingyu Oh focuses on the “L” component in what she describes as the G-L-G globalization process: “K-pop’s differentiation strategy to make the ‘L’ process attractive to a global audience is roughly threefold: (1) numbers; (2) physique; and (3) voice-dance coordination” (400). Patrick St. Michel argues in his Atlantic article, “How Korean Pop Conquered Japan,” that “K-Pop stars out-sex their J-Pop counterparts. The members of Girls’ Generation show a fair amount of skin in their music videos, while many fans were drawn to KARA by a chunk of choreography Wikipedia dubs “the butt dance.” He mentions BoA, but doesn’t apply this theory to explain her longtime success in Japan. His argument also does not explain the success of male groups in Japan, including TVXQ, SHINee, BigBang and 2PM.

Instead, Korean agencies use a range of strategies to promote their groups globally.

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Link to eyesight-sunlight relationship.

According to a national health and nutrition survey conducted in 2010, 93 percent of Koreans had vitamin D deficiency.

"As most Koreans prefer fair skin, they try to avoid exposure to the sun. And as adults tend not to eat many dairy products, vitamin D deficiency is common," said Kim Kyung-min, a professor at Seoul National University Hospital in Bundang.

Experts say spring is just the right time to start going out and soaking up some vitamin D-producing sunlight.

Korea is located 35 to 38 degrees north of the equator, making it possible to obtain vitamin D from sunlight from April to November. Exposing the skin for 10 to 20 minutes between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. three times a week, wearing shorts and short sleeves, produces about 800 to 1500 IU of vitamin D in the body.

Daily use of sunscreen is not recommended. A sunscreen with a protection factor of over 15 blocks up to 98 percent of UV rays, obstructing vitamin D production.

Moderation is advised, however. "Exposing the skin to sunlight too often or for too long during summer can cause sunburn and other skin disorders," said Park Min-sun, a professor at Seoul National University Hospital. "Elderly people, in particular, need to be careful as they are at risk of fainting or skin cancer if they get too much sunlight."

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If you thought "daddy's little girl" was a just cliché, think again.

According to a study published today in Behavioral Neuroscience, dads are more attentive and responsive to toddler daughters' needs than fathers with sons of the same age. Researchers studied the brain scans and random, daily recordings of interactions of a group of fathers and found that they "sang more often to their daughters and spoke more openly about emotions, including sadness, possibly because they are more accepting of girls' feelings than boys'."

And it's not just the touchy-feely stuff that dads doled out liberally to their daughters — what they said was different, too. Fathers with young sons tended to focus on achievements and more physical, rough-and-tumble play, using words like "win," "proud" and "top" more often than with girls. On the flip side, dads with daughters used more analytical, detail-oriented words like such as "all" and "much." The study authors noted that this kind of language has been linked to future educational and academic achievement.

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Rita Hayworth (October 17, 1918 – May 14, 1987) was a pinup girl whose all-American looks and Hollywood glamour earned her countless film roles and a special spot in fans’ hearts. But Hayworth was not what she seemed, writes Adrienne L. McLean—and neither is the legend about her storied transformation from Hispanic dancer to Anglo-seeming star.

Hayworth was born Margarita Cansino to a Spanish father and an Irish-American mother, and when she made her way to Hollywood in the 1930’s she was subjected to an exhaustive makeover that eliminated most traces of her ethnicity. But while it may have seemed that Hayworth walked away from her true identity, writes McLean, the truth was anything but.

She writes that “…rather than leaving her past behind, Hayworth always remained, or retained, Margarita Cansino”—and Hayworth’s ethnicity gave her a path to stardom because it allowed her to mix wholesomeness and sex appeal.

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The defining characteristic of the ajumma, a term used to describe (usually) married older women, the ajumma perm is a short or bobbed curled hairstyle. Adopting the perm, and abandoning more youthful hairstyles, and especially straight bangs, is often a rite of passage for women when they hit middle age.

But it’s taken nearly 80 years for that perm to become as ubiquitous as it is.

The first perm in South Korea became available at a department store in Seoul during the Japanese occupation in 1937, according to a report in the Chosun Ilbo newspaper, which said that a perm back then cost as much as two bins of rice, an unaffordable luxury in those times of shortages and poverty. Only a handful of actresses and privileged women sported the look.

By 1940, the already-rare perm became prohibited under Japanese imperial rule for its perceived association with the sexually liberal norms depicted in Hollywood films. Japanese imperial rule ended five years later, but it was not until after the Korean War ended in 1953 that perms made their resurgence.

“At the time, the quality of perming products was very poor,” said Helen Kim from Kim Sun Young Hair Design, which opened four years after the war ended. Women used iron tongs meant for ironing hanbok, Korea’s national dress, to curl their hair with crude chemical formulas, added Kim, who is not related to the founder but has worked at the salon for two decades.

Choi Young-shin, a grandmother in her 60s, remembers doing that.

“The resulting curls were very short and very tight,” said Choi. “It was also dangerous because of the strong chemicals and heat. Our scalps would burn and flake off, and the tongs could burn our necks and faces easily.”

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Put simply, Pascal suggests that before disagreeing with someone, first point out the ways in which they’re right. And to effectively persuade someone to change their mind, lead them to discover a counter-point of their own accord. Arthur Markman, psychology professor at The University of Texas at Austin, says both these points hold true.

“One of the first things you have to do to give someone permission to change their mind is to lower their defenses and prevent them from digging their heels in to the position they already staked out,” he says. “If I immediately start to tell you all the ways in which you’re wrong, there’s no incentive for you to co-operate. But if I start by saying, ‘Ah yeah, you made a couple of really good points here, I think these are important issues,’ now you’re giving the other party a reason to want to co-operate as part of the exchange. And that gives you a chance to give voice your own concerns about their position in a way that allows co-operation.”

Markman also supports Pascal’s second persuasive suggestion. “If I have an idea myself, I feel I can claim ownership over that idea, as opposed to having to take your idea, which means I have to explicitly say, ‘I’m going to defer to you as the authority on this.’ Not everybody wants to do that,” he adds.

In other words, if it wasn’t enough that Pascal is recognized as a mathematician, physicist, and philosopher, it seems he was also an early psychologist.

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