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Links 1 through 10 of 1244 Daniel Smith's Bookmarks

This report is the product of a collaboration between the Human Rights Clinic at Columbia Law School and the Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies. The 176-page report is the first comprehensive analysis of U.S. secrecy in lethal
counterterrorism operations. The report focuses on U.S. strikes in Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen, where killings by the U.S. have been carried out far from traditional battlefields under a veil of secrecy. The report finds that the U.S. government has acknowledged just 20 percent of the more than 700 strikes carried out since 2002 in those countries. The report also shows how while western civilian victims have received presidential apologies, explanations about what happened, and public promises of compensation, the families of hundreds of Pakistanis, Somalis, and Yemenis killed in strikes suffer prolonged injustice and impunity.

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Forest degradation in the Amazon is underestimated and its consequences need to be taken into account in the discussion tables and in the elaboration of public policies aimed at the conservation of biodiversity. These were the pillars of the construction of the Silent Forest platform, a journalistic data visualization project developed by Ambiental in partnership with the Sustainable Amazon Network (RAS) and with the collaboration of InfoAmazonia.
A multidisciplinary team was formed with the purpose to translate the scientific data in a faithful way, but communicated through digital tools that favor interaction with a wider audience. The main database for maps, graphs and infographics on this platform is the article “Anthropogenic disturbance can be important as deforestation in driving tropical biodiversity loss”, published in July 2016 in the journal Nature, and authored by Jos Barlow (et al.), from University of Lancaster (United Kingdom).

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The Web Cultures Web Archive includes sites documenting the creation and sharing of emergent cultural traditions on the web. The mission of the American Folklife Center is to document traditional cultural forms and practices, and the proliferation of smart phones, tablets, and wireless Internet connections has positioned networked communication as a space where people increasingly develop and share folklore. This collection, co-curated with scholars who study digital culture, captures a set of websites that document elements of the various digital vernaculars enabled through networked and computer-mediated communication. These sites comprise a wide range of everyday communication enacted by communities to create a shared sense of the world: reaction GIFs, image macros and memes; online communities that have established, shaped and disseminated communication tropes and themes; sites that document, establish and/or define vernacular language, such as Leet and Lolspeak, or icon-based communications, such as emoji; sites connected to DIY (do it yourself) movements of crafting and making; sites focused on documentation, development, proliferation, distribution and discussion of digital “urban legends” and lore, such as Creepypasta; and sites that focus on the development and dissemination of vernacular creative forms, such as fan fiction. The Web Cultures Web Archive offers a representative sampling of the collective cultural creation and self-documentation characterizing vernacular spaces on the World Wide Web, and, like many of those spaces, is in process. The American Folklife Center will continue to add to these collections, developing archival holdings that reflect the dynamic nature of the web itself.

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The Onion has obtained hundreds of documents from an anonymous source within the White House.

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DataRefuge is a public, collaborative project designed to address the following concerns about federal climate and environmental data:

What are the best ways to safeguard data?
How do federal agencies play crucial roles in data collection, management, and distribution?
How do government priorities impact data’s accessibility?
Which projects and research fields depend on federal data?
Which data sets are of value to research and local communities, and why?
DataRefuge is also an initiative committed to identifying, assessing, prioritizing, securing, and distributing reliable copies of federal climate and environmental data so that it remains available to researchers. Data collected as part of the #DataRefuge initiative will be stored in multiple, trusted locations to help ensure continued accessibility.

DataRefuge acknowledges--and in fact draws attention to--the fact that there are no guarantees of perfectly safe information. But there are ways that we can create safe and trustworthy copies. DataRefuge is thus also a project to develop the best methods, practices, and protocols to do so.

DataRefuge depends on local communities. We work in partnership with Environmental Data Governance Initiative (EDGI), Climate Mirror, ProjectARCC, and with local collaborators at #ProtectClimateData and other DataRescue events.

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The Great 78 Project is a community project for the preservation, research and discovery of 78rpm records. From about 1898 to the 1950s, an estimated 3 million sides (~3 minute recordings) have been made on 78rpm discs. While the commercially viable recordings will have been restored or remastered onto LP’s or CD, there is still research value in the artifacts and usage evidence in the often rare 78rpm discs and recordings. Already, over 20 collections have been selected by the Internet Archive for physical and digital preservation and access. Started by many volunteer collectors, these new collections have been selected, digitized and preserved by the Internet Archive, George Blood LP, and the Archive of Contemporary Music.

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The Baldwin Library of Historical Children’s Literature in the Department of Special Collections at the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries contains more than 130,000 books and periodicals published in the United States and Great Britain from the mid-1600s to present day. The Library also has manuscript collections, original artwork, and assorted ephemera such as board games, puzzles, and toys. The Baldwin Library is known for comparative editions of books, with special emphasis on Robinson Crusoe, Pilgrim’s Progress, Aesop’s Fables, and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. The Library also has the largest collection of Early American Juvenile Imprints of any academic institution in the United States. Other strengths and distinctions of the Baldwin Library include: marginalia and inscriptions, the Hans Christian Andersen Awards Collection, Little Golden Books, religious tracts, and illustrated editions from the Golden Age of Children's Literature. Scholars worldwide use the Baldwin Library for research in fables, fairy tales, alphabet books, morality tales and religious tracts, conduct of life, gender roles, comparison of editions, adventure stories, and boys’/girls’ series books.

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The P.J. Mode Collection at Cornell University is a collection of “persuasive cartography,” maps intended primarily to influence opinions or beliefs - to send or reinforce messages - rather than to communicate objective geographic information (Tyner 2015, 1087). Maps of this sort have also been described as “suggestive cartography,” “rhetorical cartography” and “propaganda maps” (a less apt term, because the word “propaganda” has become a pejorative).

In fact, no map provides an entirely objective view of reality. Even the best-intended cartographer must decide what projection to use, what features to include and what to exclude, what colors, what shading, what text, what images – all of which shape the message communicated by the finished product. Every map is somewhere along a spectrum from objective to subjective, from science to art. We deal here with maps that have crossed a line – itself admittedly subjective – into the preference for communicating some message other than objective geographic information.

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The periodical cicadas (Magicicada spp.) of Eastern North America have the potential to answer general questions concerning speciation, species boundaries, and postglacial biogeography. Many of these questions are most effectively addressed with accurate maps of periodical cicada emergences. Yet although crude maps of periodical cicadas have existed for over a century, many current maps of these insects are only modernizations of these earlier maps, and their inaccuracies or errors limit their utility. To date, we have surveyed and mapped over 10,000 localities within periodical cicada emergences, using detailed base maps and GPS technology, such as the custom GPS datalogger pictured below.

Although maps are an important tool for addressing such questions, most current distribution maps of periodical cicadas trace their ancestry to C. M. Marlatt’s (1923) 19th century compilations of historical emergence records. Unfortunately, these maps and their derivatives tend to overestimate periodical cicada range limits, so they can provide misleading answers to important questions (Marshall 2001). The questions involved are not trivial: Periodical cicada responses to deglaciation may provide insights into the possibility that they are useful for monitoring forest and ecosystem health (see Cooley et al.; Cooley et al. 2004), while the biogeography of broods and species may provide critical insights into the general nature of species, speciation processes, and gene flow between species.

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The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds is a collaborative effort between weed scientists in over 80 countries. Our main aim is to maintain scientific accuracy in the reporting of herbicide resistant weeds globally. This collaborative effort is supported by government, academic, and industry weed scientists worldwide. This project is funded by the Global Herbicide Resistance Action Committee and CropLife International.

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