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Links 1 through 10 of 18626 Chris Yeh's Bookmarks

Trump has been fact-checked with unprecedented aggression — by newspapers, cable news anchors, even chyron writers. The perception that he is more honest than Clinton likely stems from qualities that are immune to refutation: He often speaks off the cuff, shows little message discipline, and says things that seem both wildly offensive and politically useless. Such behavior is associated with honesty, even when the words being spoken are anything but.

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Introspection, however, takes healthy and unhealthy forms. Psychologists split introspection, that peering inside of one’s self, into two primary varieties. There’s self-reflection, which has a “positive valence,” psych-speak for “it feels good,” and rumination, which has a “negative valence.” Not only does it feel bad, it can start a spiral that can be hard to get out of. Unlike worry, which is concerned with the future, rumination rehearses things you did or that were done to you in the past. Todd Farchione, an assistant professor at Boston University’s Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, tells Science of Us that self-examination can be valuable, as it helps your understanding of yourself and nudges along your growth as an individual. But things go off the rails when you start interpreting and reinterpreting your emotional state. If you start feeling bad about feeling bad, that’s rumination. “Ideally, approach the experience in a more open, I suppose, compassionate way,” Farchione says. “Not that the feeling is right or wrong, but simply ‘What am I feeling?’” From that more accommodating perspective, you can then tease out the various ingredients of your interior state. From there, you can decide how to respond.

Like anything else, reflection can go too far. Reflection starts working against you when it prevents you from taking action, Farchione says, and this is precisely what can happen in depression.

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When Vin Scully first walked into the Dodgers' broadcast booth, Winston Churchill hadn't started his second stint as the prime minister of Great Britain. Connie Mack, a man born while Abraham Lincoln was president, was still managing in the major leagues. The transistor radio -- a gizmo that would turn the man at the microphone into a California icon -- wouldn't be invented for another four years.

That was April 1950.

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Liberal-arts majors “are two to three times more likely to be underemployed than those with engineering or nursing majors,” the authors found.

Indeed, the gap between humanities and STEM students is striking. Underemployment afflicts more than 50 percent of majors in the performing arts, anthropology, art history, history, communications, political science, sociology, philosophy, psychology, and international affairs.

But the undergraduate majors that promise the best shot at a high-paying job all have one word in common: engineering. Civil-, mechanical-, aerospace-, and industrial-engineering majors all have extremely low underemployment percentage and they are the least likely of all majors to land their degree-holders in a low-paying, low-skilled service sector job. “Our work does suggest that certain skills have a higher demand relative to supply than others—such as those majors related to the STEM fields and healthcare,” the authors write.

The finding raises several questions that don’t have obvious answers. Is the demand for young liberal-arts students flatlining? Perhaps. Are higher achieving students choosing STEM majors, so that their superior post-graduation jobs are more of a reflection of their innate talent rather than the power of the STEM major itself? Sure, it’s possible that worse students are clustering in a handful of humanities majors. Has the growth of college graduates from community colleges and for-profit schools diluted the overall quality of the recent college grads? That might explain some of these trends, as well.

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According to a recent CNBC report, seventy per cent of American online-porn access occurs during the nine-to-five workday.

Viewing figures are on a scale that golden-age moguls never dreamed of: in 2014, Pornhub alone had seventy-eight billion page views, and XVideos is the fifty-sixth most popular Web site in the world. Some porn sites get more traffic than news sites like CNN, and less only than platforms such as Google, Facebook, Amazon, and PayPal.

The majority of the world’s tube sites are effectively a monopoly—owned by a company called MindGeek, whose bandwidth use exceeds that of Amazon or Facebook. Its C.E.O. until recently was a German named Fabian Thylmann, who earned a reported annual income of a hundred million dollars; he sold the company while being investigated for tax evasion.

Much online porn is amateur and unregulated. It’s hard to tell how much, because there’s little data, and even larger studios now ape the amateur aesthetic, but applications for porn-shoot permits in Los Angeles County reportedly fell by ninety-five per cent between 2012 and 2015.

Wages have declined across the board. Tarrant estimates that a female performer filming three anal scenes a month would make forty thousand dollars a year.

Today, most porn actresses don’t stick around long enough to start slow. The average career is between four and six months. Performers work long hours with no benefits and they have to cover significant out-of-pocket costs. Tests for S.T.D.s can be as much as two hundred dollars a month. Add to this grooming, travel, and the usual freelancer expenses and it costs a lot to be legal in the porn industry.

Lesbian, gay, and queer defenders saw porn as an opportunity to challenge sexual norms and taboos. For them, the definition of porn as female subordination by men mirrored conservative puritanism. It ignored the medium’s radical potential—how consensual B.D.S.M. could subvert power structures, or how erotic displays of imperfect or disgusting bodies could be a Rabelaisian weapon in a war ag

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The Chinese and Indian teams also had markedly different attitudes about “user-centered design.” At the U.S. innovation center, the engineers and designers were entirely at ease with systematically collecting feedback from customers and with tweaking their projects in response.

Chinese engineers, by contrast, actually recoiled at the idea of asking users for advice. They described the users as “indecisive” and “inarticulate,” and they even worried that users would be annoyed at being asked for their opinions. The Chinese engineers also disliked the constant stream of design changes, which are a natural result of getting feedback from users. “I know the plan always changes,’’ one engineer told the Stanford team, “but we don’t like that.”

Hinds and her colleagues don’t argue that one mindset is superior to another. Their goal is to understand how people from different cultures recontextualize a practice so that it makes sense to them. If companies fail to understand those issues, she warns, seemingly sensible practices in one nation can backfire in a different one.

At the U.S. center, they argue, workers brought an “entrepreneurial” logic – a belief in creativity, a tolerance for risk and uncertainty, a willingness to fail and a strong belief in listening to users. Chinese software developers, by contrast, called upon an “engineering” logic and were influenced by assumptions that grew out of being embedded in a centrally planned economy. Indian engineers had a market orientation, but with an emphasis on aligning with the values of the community – assumptions tied to “cooperative capitalism,” as Hinds and her colleagues put it.

Hinds cautions that none of this means that multinational companies should give up on a common array of best practices. What it means, she says, is that companies need to understand the different “constellations of logics” that people from different cultures bring to work.

One key insight: Focus less on having people mimic the specifics of a practice than on understanding the underlying

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Outside the tech industry and away from emerging markets, rising stars often sparkle by consolidating existing markets and squeezing out costs. A prime example is 3G Capital, a Brazilian-rooted company that specialises in taking over mature companies and bringing in its own managers to streamline them. It forces firms in its portfolio to justify their spending afresh every year, consolidate their product lines and trim excess brands. 3G is exceptionally stingy with its managers, making them share rooms on business trips, but also motivates them by giving them stock options. Having started off small in Brazil, it has taken over a succession of beer giants, including Anheuser Busch and SABMiller. Its acquisitions have given it control of a third of the world’s beer market and several large food companies, including Heinz, Burger King and Kraft.

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Bluntly put, modern society seems to emphasize extrinsic values over intrinsic ones, and as a result, mental health issues refuse to decline with growing wealth. The more assimilated a person is into American society, the more likely they are to develop depression during the course of their lifetime, regardless of what ethnicity they are. Mexicans born in the United States are wealthier than Mexicans born in Mexico but far more likely to suffer from depression.

“The economic and marketing forces of modern society have engineered an environment… that maximize[s] consumption at the long-term cost of well-being,” a study in the Journal of Affective Disorders concluded in 2012. “In effect, humans have dragged a body with a long hominid history into an overfed, malnourished, sedentary, sunlight-deficient, sleep-deprived, competitive, inequitable, and socially-isolating environment with dire consequences.”

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Schlock Mercenary came up first, but there are many others mentioned here.

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Here’s how to be more assertive:
Assertiveness is about controlling your own behavior, not theirs. You always have a choice. And the consequences for resisting control by others are rarely as bad as you think.
You can’t stop people from asking, but you can say no. Figure out the reasonable consequences of doing so. And then decide. Use the “broken record technique” with aggressives.
People aren’t psychic. If you want something, ask. Figure out what you want. Make it reasonable and fair. Word it as a request. If they say no, that doesn’t mean they hate you.
Symbolic Value is often what makes confrontation hard. It’s usually best to try to get people to change their behavior, not their personality.
It takes some time and practice to become more assertive. People will push back initially. They’re used to the old you. That’s okay. Again, you can’t change their behavior, only yours.

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